14. India, the craddle of civilizations

India has been pioneer in and exporter of:

Medicine (Ayurveda)

Yoga and meditation




Shipping and trade






Music …


Infinity Foundation, the Foundation of Mr. Rajiv Malhotra, sponsors a science and technology multivolume series of which 9 volumes have been already released. The project is alive and unfinished yet. His own words:

“India, which is still depicted based on the “caste, cows and curry” images too often. Indian culture is frequently depicted as being mystical in the sense of being irrational, and in lacking a sense of advancement in the material plane of society. Many Westernized Indians, who reproduce such notions, have often internalized these colonial stereotypes.” /  “The aim is not inspired by chauvinism, but to understand the genius of Indian civilization better, so as to inspire the future trajectory of India.”


Amazingly, I got the mail below just after I wrote this post. It comes from the American Hindu Association -AHA’ via Hindu Association of the USA, and I want to share it with you
Amazing scientific inventions by ancient Hindus 

Top 10 Biggest Inventions by ancient Hindus

India has been a prominent center of learning since ancient times. The land was one of the most advanced regions in various fields of science.The Indian subcontinent has been a major contributor to the world and has excelled in fields of astronomy, numerology, arithmetic, mineralogy, metallurgy, logic, information and technology. Some of the inventions even date back to as early as the Indus Valley Civilization. Historical evidences and excavations by archaeologists ascertain the dominance of India in the field of science and technology.

10. Cotton Gin 
10. Cotton gin
Cotton Gin is a machine used to separate cotton from the seeds. The evidence of this machine was found through the carvings on Ajanta caves where the pictures of these machines were engraved. Dating back to 500 AD, this hand roller machine was locally called Charkha. This machine has undergone changes through the course of time but the most primitive form of cotton gin originated from India.
9. Buttons 
Buttons are a major part of our clothing even today. Buttons were invented in India and various historical evidences and excavations prove that buttons were used by the people belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization. Shells were given various shapes and were pierced into a hole. Earlier they were used more as an embellishment but were gradually used to fasten clothes.
8.  Natural Fibers 
08.Natural fibers
Natural fibers like wool, cotton and plant originated from India. Evidences show that people of the Indus Valley used cotton and India pioneered the art of cotton spinning and used it in making fabric. Jute, a plant fiber, was cultivated in India since ancient times and was later exported to other countries. Cashmere wool, which is supposed to be the finest wool was first made in Kashmir and was used to make hand- made shawls. These shawls have maintained their richness and exclusivity even today.
7. Surgery 
Cataract surgery and plastic surgery were also first performed by the ancient physician Sushruta. These surgeries dated back to 2000BCE and his work were later translated to Arabic language and gradually passed on to European countries. He used a curved needle and removed the cataract by pushing the lens. The eyes were then immersed in warm butter and were properly covered till they were completely healed. People from far off countries came to India to seek treatment.
6. Medical Treatments 
06.Medical Treatments
Leprosy was first noticed by Indians and various ancient remedies are also mentioned in the Atharva Veda. Lithiasis treatment or the treatment for eradicating stones was first introduced in India. Small Pox vaccinations were first cured in India and symptoms and ways of immunization against small pox were mentioned in 8 th  century by Madhav. Ayurveda and Siddha are the two primitive methods of treatment that originated in India and are still used as an alternate way of treatment. They were used for holistic healing and ancient sages of India mastered this treatment method. Another Indian medical practitioner named Upendra Nath Bramhachari invented methods to treat Visceral Leishmaniasis or Kala Azar. This Nobel Laureate was responsible for the eradication of this ailment.
5. Diamonds 
Diamonds were first mined in India. Huge deposits of diamonds were found in Central India and it gradually developed as a precious stone. India till 18 th  century was the only country where diamonds were found and were later on exported to other countries. Indians were well aware of the physical properties of diamond like its durability, ability to cut other hard surfaces, sparkling effect and the refractive property. Various ancient books have mentioned the use of diamond as a tool and have also mentioned the exquisiteness of this sparkling stone.
4. Dock 
India was the first nation to have a dock that dated back to 2400BCE. People belonging to the Harappa Civilization were the first to build a dock in Lothal. This proves their immense understanding of oceanology and marine engineering. The Lothal Dock proves their precision and vast knowledge about tidal waves and hydrography. Without having a thorough knowledge of these topics, it is impossible to build a dock.
3. Crucible Steel 
03.Crucible Steel
High-quality steel has been produced in South India since ancient times. The technique used to manufacture it was later on called the crucible technique. Pure wrought iron was first put together with glass and charcoal in a container and was heated till the metal melted and absorbed the carbon.
2. Ink 
Ink made from various materials was first invented in India. This black pigment was used in writing manuscripts in ancient India. India ink was made by burning tar, pitch, bones. Carbon was the primary pigment of India ink.
1. Zero 
Mathematics does not make sense without zero. Although it has no value, it plays a vital role in Arithmetic. Aryabhatta was a great mathematician and an ace astronomer. His contribution to mathematics is unimaginable. Use of Place Value System was clearly mentioned in Aryabhatta’s Bhakshali manuscript and thus zero came into existence. No particular symbol was given to zero but the presence of zero was evident from his work. 
IMPORTANT INDIAN INVENTIONS THAT HAD AN IMPACT ON THE WORLD ( Pls refer wikipedia for relevant authenticity)
India established world’s first university in Takshila in 700BC. Nalanda University was established in 4th century BC.
a.4th century bc
Algebra, Trigonometry, Geometry and Calculus originated from India

Ayurveda, one of the oldest school of medicines was invented in India
b.invented in India

Binary number system used in computers and digital devices was invented in India
c.digital devices was invented in India

The value of ‘pi’ was first discovered in India by Budhayana. He also explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem in the 6th century, ages before the European Mathematicians.

d.before the european Mathematicians  Source: via ixl

Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun in the 5th century, many years before the astronomer Smart
e.astronomer Smart

USA based IEEE has proved that wireless communication was first invented by an Indian scientist Professor Jagdish Chandra Bose. Acharya Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose, was a Bengali polymath, physicist, biologist, botanist, archaeologist, as well as an early writer of science fiction. He pioneered the investigation of radio and microwave optics, made very significant contributions to plant science, and laid the foundations of experimental science in the Indian subcontinent. IEEE named him one of the fathers of radio science. He is also considered the father of Bengali science fiction. He also invented the crescograph. A crater on the moon has been named in his honour.Astronomy originated in India
f.Astronomy originated in India
Sushruta is known as the father of surgery. Over 2,600 years ago, Sushruta along with his team conducted complicated surgeries like  cataract, artificial limbs, cesareans, fractures, urinary stones. He even conducted brain surgeries and plastic surgery. He and his team conducted more than 3,000 surgeries with help of more than 120 surgical tolos.
Chess also known as Chaturanga was invented in India during Gupta empire in the 6th century
g.in the 6th century
Called as Indus Valley Civilization, Indians established Harappan culture as one of first civilizations of the world
h.first civilizations of the world
Yoga was invented in India
i.Yoga was invented in India
Crescograph, a device to measure growth in plants, was invented by Professor Jagdish Chandra Bose in the 20th century
j.Chandra Bose in the 20th
Bose lecturing on the “nervous system” of plants at the Sorbonne in Paris in 1926.
Ruler was invented during the reigns of Indus Valley Civilizations. Rulers were made of ivory those days 
India is one of the first countries to have made globes, a model of earth, called ‘Goladipika’
Shampoo was invented in India during British Raj. Those days, hair dressers use to boil soap and others herbs to give shine and fragnance to hair. The word Shampoo has derived from a Hindi word ‘Champo,’ which means to press or soothe.Flush Toilets were first used in the Indus Valley Civilization. The townships of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro had flush toilet systems in all the houses connected to sewage system.There are so many ‘firsts’ that happened in India before the rest of the world got to know about them. Even today, Indian doctors, scientists, engineers and other professional not only have a high demand globally but also command a lot of respect for the contribution in their respective fields.



Anything else needs to be said? 🙂 Oh yes!. That I am immensily proud to be hindu and indian in my heart. 😉


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